Babesia Piroplasmosis | Cabinet Veterinaire International

Piroplasmosis Infections and Babesia in Dogs
Humans cannot contract Babesia from a dog
Piroplasmosis in Humans

Piroplasmosis Infections and Babesia in Dogs

At Cabinet Veterinaire International, we find that pet owners are often astonished when they realize that just one minuscule tick bite can cause a critical and potentially deadly infection. This infection is called Piroplasmosis and the perpetrator is Babesia, a singular-cell pest that can wreak havoc on a dog’s system.

Understanding the behavior of Babesia and the look of Piroplasmosis is essential to keeping your dog safe. Major points are as follows:

Babesia’s Behavior: Babesia is a protozoan parasite that stations itself in an animal’s red blood cells. After Babesia has entered the red cells, the parasite reproduces rapidly by mitosis, which is the splitting of one cell into two or more cells. The parasite continues this process until the red blood cell is so packed and infected that it explodes. The new Babesia spread to other red blood cells and continue this process throughout the bloodstream. There are more than nine dozen types of Babesia known, yet there are only a limited number that can harm dogs.

How Dogs Contract Babesia: Humans need not be concerned about contracting Babesia from their dogs – it is impossible. However, there are numerous ways in which Babesiacan be transferred from dog to dog. The first is via a tick bite. When a dog that has been infected with Babesia is bitten by a tick, the tick, now infected, can spread the Babesia to other dogs, through subsequent bites.

Another form of transference is via blood transfusions. If the dog that donated the blood has been infected with Babesia, then the recipient dog will contract the parasite. Also, dogs can transfer Babesia through blood-to-blood contact.For example, if two dogs find themselves embroiled in a fight and both sustain open, bleeding wounds, the parasite can travel into the blood stream of the healthy animal from the infected one.

Vertical transmission is said to be another method of passing on Babesia. This occurs when offspring contract a disease or infection from their mothersbefore birth. This belief is buttressed bya case where a dam and her days-old pups were all found to be infected with Babesia.